Você pode dizer a diferença?
Hoje nós vamos aprender sobre a diferença na pronúncia americana entre as palavras bad e bed.
Para algumas pessoas essas palavras podem ter o mesmo som mas elas são ligeiramente diferentes entre si.
A primeira palavra, bad, é os dois, um adjetivo e um nome. Como um adjetivo quer dizer o oposto de bom (good) ou baixa qualidade.
A segunda palavra, bed, é os dois, um nome e um e um verbo. Como um nome quer dizer uma parte do móvel que a pessoa dorme.
A diferença entre estas duas palavras está em seus sons de vogais. A palavra bad tem o som AÉ. Enquanto bed tem som de É.
Deixe-me demonstrar como pronunciar estas palavras.
Agora eu vou lhe dar um teste. Eu escolherei uma das duas palavras e dizer três vezes. Por favor, ouça cuidadosamente e diga-me qual palavra eu estou pronunciando em seguida.
Eu espero que você tenha conseguido dizer a diferença e escolhido a palavra bed para sua resposta.
Nós temos outra questão para você. Eu vou ler a sentença duas vezes que contém uma das duas palavras. Sua tarefa é dizer para mim qual palavra eu estou usando na sentença.
Oops, sorry! My ___
A resposta é _____
Você escolheu a resposta correta?
A propósito, my bad quer dizer: erro meu, culpa minha. É gramaticalmente incorreto a frase com a palavra bad que é um adjetivo nesse caso, nom um nome (substantivo). Mas as pessoas usam essa frase em conversas casuais (informais), de qualquer forma.
Obrigado por assistir e até a próxima.
I see you next time – até a próxima
Twice – duas vezes
Pick – escolher, will pick – escolherei ou vou escolher
Quiz – teste, questionário
Lie – mentir, deitar, encontrar-se, está,
Furniture – móvel
Slightly – slái tli ou slái li – ligeiramente, levemente
Each other – uns e outros, entre si, uns aos outros
Look more pronunciation Bad and bed
All and whole are determiners.
We use them before nouns and with other determiners to refer to a total number or complete set of things in a group.
All the cast had food poisoning. They were forced to cancel the show.
all + determiner + noun
The whole cast had food poisoning. They were forced to cancel the show.
determiner + whole + noun
All my family lives abroad. or My whole family lives abroad.
We often use all and the whole with of the:
She complains all of the time. or She complains the whole of the time.
We use a/an with whole but not with all:
I spent a whole day looking for that book and eventually found it in a little old bookshop on the edge of town.
all a day …
We use the whole or the whole of to refer to complete single things and events that are countable and defined:
The whole performance was disappointing from start to finish. (or The whole of the performance was disappointing …)
When we can split up a thing into parts, we can use either whole or all with the same meaning:
You don’t have to pay the whole (of the) bill at once.
You don’t have to pay all (of) the bill at once.
She ate the whole orange.
She ate all of the orange.
We often use the whole of with periods of time to emphasise duration:
We spent the whole (of the) summer at the beach.
all and every are determiners.
We use both all and every to refer to the total number of something. All refers to a complete group. Every refers to each member of a complete group:
The questionnaire was sent to all employees.
The questionnaire was sent to every employee.
We can use every to focus on each individual member.
All passengers must turn off their mobile phones.
refers to the whole group
Every passenger must turn off their mobile phone.
(We use their instead of his or her to refer back to a singular noun (passenger) because we are referring to both male and female passengers.)
focuses on each individual member of the whole group
We can use all, but not every, on its own without a noun. We use everyone/everybody/everything instead:
The meeting is at Oriel Hall. It begins at 8 pm and all are welcome.
every is welcome
Everyone is welcome to join the village social club.
All and every + nouns
The meaning of all and every is very similar but we use them in different ways. We use all with plural and uncountable nouns and every with singular nouns:
All donations will be sent to the earthquake relief fund.
All equipment must be returned by the end of June. (uncountable)
Every donation is appreciated.
We can use all and all of before determiners, but we don’t use every before determiners:
I invited all (of) my friends.
every my friends
We use across as a preposition (prep) and an adverb (adv). Across means on the other side of something, or from one side to the other of something which has sides or limits such as a city, road or river:
We took a boat [PREP]across the river.
[PREP]Across the room, she could see some old friends. She got up and went to join them.
My neighbour came [ADV]across to see me this morning to complain about our cat.
The road was so busy that we found it difficult to get [ADV]across.
We also use across when something touches or stretches from one side to another:
The Ponte Vecchio is a beautiful old bridge across the river Arno in Florence.
She divided the page by drawing a red line across it. Then she cut it in two.
Especially in American English, across from is used to refer to people or objects being ‘opposite’ or ‘on the other side’:
The pharmacy is across from the Town Hall.
Helen’s office is just across from mine.
We use across to emphasise that something is happening at the same time in many places, e.g. within an organisation, a city or a country:
She’s opened coffee shops across the city and they’re very successful.
Across the country, people are coming out to vote for a new president.
We also use across to refer to the width or diagonal measurement of something:
The size of a television screen is measured from the higher corner of one side to the lower corner of the other side, that is, from one corner across to the opposite corner.
Across comes after measurements when we talk about diameter or width:
The building is 157 metres long, 92 metres across and the façade is 68 metres wide.
We use over as a preposition and an adverb to refer to something at a higher position than something else, sometimes involving movement from one side to another:
From the castle tower, you can see [PREP]over the whole city.
We toasted marshmallows [PREP]over the fire.
We drove high up [PREP]over the mountains on a narrow dangerous road.
Suddenly a plane flew [ADV]over and dropped hundreds of leaflets.
Come over often means to come to the speaker’s home:
You must come [ADV]over and have dinner with us some time.
Especially when we use them as adverbs, over can mean the same as across:
We walked over to the shop. (or We walked across to the shop – the shop is on the other side of the road)
I was going across to say hello when I realised that I couldn’t remember his name. (or I was goingoverto say … meaning ‘to the other side of the street or room’)