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English grammar – All or whole

pronuncia de palavras

All and whole are determiners.

We use them before nouns and with other determiners to refer to a total number or complete set of things in a group.

Compare

All the cast had food poisoning. They were forced to cancel the show.

all + determiner + noun

The whole cast had food poisoning. They were forced to cancel the show.

determiner + whole + noun

All my family lives abroad. or My whole family lives abroad.

We often use all and the whole with of the:

She complains all of the time. or She complains the whole of the time.

We use a/an with whole but not with all:

I spent a whole day looking for that book and eventually found it in a little old bookshop on the edge of town.

Not: … all a day

 

All or whole for single entities

We use the whole or the whole of to refer to complete single things and events that are countable and defined:

The whole performance was disappointing from start to finish. (or The whole of the performance was disappointing …)

When we can split up a thing into parts, we can use either whole or all with the same meaning:

You don’t have to pay the whole (of the) bill at once.

You don’t have to pay all (of) the bill at once.

She ate the whole orange.

She ate all of the orange.

We often use the whole of with periods of time to emphasise duration:

We spent the whole (of the) summer at the beach.

(“All or whole ?” de English Grammar Today © Cambridge University Press.)

Cambridge

fevereiro 6, 2017 Posted by | Inglês | , , , , , , , , | Deixe um comentário

English Grammar – All or Every

curiosidades do verbo to be

all and every are determiners.

We use both all and every to refer to the total number of something. All refers to a complete group. Every refers to each member of a complete group:

The questionnaire was sent to all employees.

The questionnaire was sent to every employee.

We can use every to focus on each individual member.

Compare

All passengers must turn off their mobile phones.

refers to the whole group

Every passenger must turn off their mobile phone.

(We use their instead of his or her to refer back to a singular noun (passenger) because we are referring to both male and female passengers.)

focuses on each individual member of the whole group

We can use all, but not every, on its own without a noun. We use everyone/everybody/everything instead:

The meeting is at Oriel Hall. It begins at 8 pm and all are welcome.

Not: … every is welcome

Everyone is welcome to join the village social club.

 All and every + nouns

The meaning of all and every is very similar but we use them in different ways. We use all with plural and uncountable nouns and every with singular nouns:

All donations will be sent to the earthquake relief fund.

All equipment must be returned by the end of June. (uncountable)

Every donation is appreciated.

We can use all and all of before determiners, but we don’t use every before determiners:

I invited all (of) my friends.

Not: … every my friends

(“All or every ?” de English Grammar Today © Cambridge University Press.)

 

fevereiro 3, 2017 Posted by | Inglês | , , , , , , , | Deixe um comentário

   

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